2017 marks a significant moment for the History of Canada. 150 years ago, Quebec, Ontario, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia – united to create the Canadian Confederation, called the Dominion of Canada. On the account of the British North America Act that became law on July 1st 1867, the previous British colonies would be recognized as an independent nation. In the years that followed, the other provinces and territories joined the Dominion, making todays Canada "a mari usque ad mare" ("from sea to sea"). 2017年标志着加拿大历史的重要一刻。时光倒流到150年前,魁北克、安大略、新布伦维克和新斯科舍四省合并为联邦,称为加拿大自治领。得益于1867年7月1日颁发的英属北美法案,这些英属殖民地独立国的身份得到了认可。此后几年,其他省份和地区纷纷加入自治领,加拿大由此成为了一个“从海到海”幅员辽阔的国家。 On the 150th anniversary of Canada, the world is coming to celebrate and explore Canada's impact and influence to the modern world. Let's get together to be more involved in Canada's glory and  to shared values, Canada's achievements, environment and Canada's place in the world. 时值加国成立150周年,全世界都为这个国家庆生,探索加拿大对现代世界的影响和意义。让我们共同分享加拿大的荣耀和价值观,她的成就、环境和世界地位值得我们深入为之倾心。 Imaging Canada's physical, intellectual and historical achievements suddenly gone.... leaving an unsettled and chaotic world, a huge question will be emerged immediately: What will happen if the world without Canada?  So let's speak out loudly " THANK YOU CANADA!" 想象一下假使哪天加拿大在实业、文化和历史上的这些功绩忽然被抹去……世界将陷入不安和混乱的状态,一个不容忽视的问题将立刻浮出水面:倘若没有加拿大,世界将变成什么样?让我们大声说一句“谢谢加拿大!” Sourcing from: Thankyoucanada.history.ca

INSULIN - 胰岛素

That was the year Canadian physician Frederick Banting and medical student Charles H. Best discovered the hormone insulin in pancreatic extracts of dogs. On July 30, 1921, they injected the hormone into a diabetic dog and found that it effectively lowered the dog's blood glucose levels to normal.

那年是加拿大医生Frederick Banting和医学生Charles H. Best,造福全世界的一年-他们发现了胰岛素。 1921年7月30日,他们将胰岛素注射到患糖尿病的狗,发现胰岛素有效地将狗的血糖水平降低到正常水平。 

TELEPHONE - 电话

With a deaf mother and wife, Scottish-born Canadian scientist Alexander Graham Bell discovered  that sound, and the vibration it makes, travels in waves. He turned that principle into an invention that would change the way we communicate: the telephone.
苏格兰出生的加拿大科学家亚历山大·格雷厄姆·贝尔(Alexander Graham Bell),他的母亲和妻子都是聋哑人,他最终发现声音和它所产生的振动,可以随着波段传输。 他把这个原则变成了一种改变世界沟通方式的发明:电话。
GAS MASK - 防毒面具
When the Germans unleashed poison gas on Allied troops in WWI the effects were devastating. But Newfoundlander Canadian Cluny MacPherson quickly devised a mask that could neutralize the gas and save thousands of lives. 当德国人在第一次世界大战中释放毒气时,效果是毁灭性的。 但是,纽芬兰加拿大人Cluny MacPherson很快就设计了一个可以中和天然气、和挽救数千人生命的防毒面具。

GANDER 9-11 - 911之后的加拿大小镇GANDER

When American airspace was closed in the wake of 9-11, dozens of flights were diverted to Gander, a small town in Newfoundland Canada. The town of Gander came together to offer stranded travels from around world a hand in friendship. 当美国空域在9-11之后关闭时,数十班航机被转移到加拿大纽芬兰省的一个小镇GANDER。 小镇倾尽全力为世界各地的旅行者提供了帮助和友谊。

FOGHORN - 雾号

A foghorn is a fog signal that uses sound to warn vehicles of navigational hazards, or boats of the presence of other vessels, in foggy conditions. Invention can from Robert Foulis Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. He heard his daughter playing the piano-but only the low notes. The sound inspried a life-saving creation: the foghorn. 雾号是一种雾气信号,在雾状态下使用声音来警告船只的导航危险,或其他船只存在位置。 发明来自于加拿大新不伦瑞克省的Robert Foulis Saint John。 他在听女儿弹钢琴的时候,捕捉到了低音,就是这个低音带来了一个救命的创作:雾号。

WALKIE TALKIE - 对讲机

After getting lost in the woods, Canadian geologist Donald Hings resolved to create a portable communication device. Nearly 85 years later his Walkie Talkie is still being used around the world. 加拿大地质学家Donald Hings在森林中迷失之后,决定创建便携式通讯设备。 近85年来,他的对讲机仍然在世界各地使用。

ALKALINE BATTERY - 碱性电池

Not satisfied with the limitations of traditional batteries, Canadian chemist Lew Urry invented a new kind of alkaline battery, the one that kept on going and going.... 不满足传统电池的局限性,加拿大化学家Lew Urry发明了一种新型的碱性电池,持续时间更长。

BASKETBALL - 篮球

A medieval-era, stone-throwing game called " Duck on a Rock" inspired Canadian James Naismith to invent the game of basketball.
一个中世纪时代的石头投掷游戏叫做“鸭子摇滚”,启发了加拿大的詹姆斯·奈史密斯(James Naismith)发明了篮球。
SNOWMOBILE- 雪地车

Joseph-Armand Bombardier was a French-Canadian inventor and businessman, and was the founder of Bombardier. His most famous invention was the snowmobile. He was inspired by personal tragedy and created a vehicle that could travel even in the harshest Canadian winter. He changed the lives of snow-bound people everywhere.

Joseph-Armand Bombardier是法国加拿大的发明家和商人,并且是庞巴迪的创始人。 他最着名的发明是雪地车。 他是受到个人悲剧的启发,从而创造出了一种在加拿大最极端恶劣的冬天旅行的车辆。 他改变了无处不在被大雪困扰的人们的生活。

COMPUTERIZED BRAILLE -电脑盲文

For the visually impaired, there were few books available to read in braille before 1972. Converting text into braille was a long, painstaking process. But Canadian Roland Galarneau was determined to change that, and after a decade of work, he created the world's first computerized braille conversion system and changed the lives of millions.

对于视力障碍者,在1972年之前,几乎没有书籍可以阅读盲文。将文字转换成盲文是一个漫长而艰苦的过程。 但加拿大的Roland Galarneau 却决心改变,经过十年的工作,他创造了世界上第一台电脑盲文转换系统,改变了数百万人的生活。

CHOCOLATE BAR - 独立包装巧克力

For thousands of years chocolate has been enjoyed in many forms, but it wasn't untill 1910 that Canadian chocolatiers created North American's first individually wrapped chocolate bar.

数千年来,巧克力已经享有多种形式,但直到1910年,加拿大制造了北美第一个独立包装的巧克力。

CAMP-X- X营地

Before the USA entered WWII the Allies needed a place to covertly train Americans and Canadians i the art of espionage. The chose a secret location on the shires of Lake Ontario and Camp-X became the first spy training school in North America.
在美国进入第二次世界大战之前,盟军需要一个地方,秘密培训美国人和加拿大人做间谍的艺术,选择安大略省和X营地的秘密地点,从而成为北美第一间间谍训练学校。

Author

Angela Bi is an international citizen who has lived both in Shanghai and Vancouver Canada. She’s worked in immigration for over a decade and has experienced first hand the joys of living overseas. Angela Bi 是生活在中国上海及加拿大温哥华两地的世界公民。她从事专业移民行业已有十余载,并掌握着旅居海外的一手乐活体验。

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