To continue with my last post. Dessert wines are made from the same grape varietals often used to produce regular wines, but they are set apart by their sweet and rich flavours.....
4-Sweet Red Wine
Sweet red wine is one of 5 types of dessert wine, but sweet reds are on decline except for cheap commercial production. Many people prefer to dry red wine.
Fortified wine is a wine to which a distilled spirit, usually brandy, is added and can be either dry or sweet. Many different styles of fortified wine have been developed, including Port, Sherry, Madeira, Marsala, Commandaria wine and the aromatised wine Vermouth. Most fortified wines are higher in alcohol content (about 17-20% ABV) and have a longer shelf life after they are opened.
1. Port 波特酒
Port is a sweet, red, fortified wine from Portugal in the Northern part of Portugal along the Douro river. Real Port Wine can only be made in Portugal. Port is designed to keep its natural fruit flavouring and is the most commonly enjoyed as a dessert wine.
There are many different official categories of Port, but most will fall under 4 main styles:
- Ruby (Red) Port: a deeply-colored red Port which includes Vintage, Late-bottled Vintage (LBV), Crusted and Ruby Port
- Tawny Port: a very sweet barrel-aged port with oxidative nut and caramel flavors
- White Port: made with indigenous white grapes including Rabigato, Viosinho, Gouveio and Malvasia
- Rosé Port: This is a new style of Port wine made like rosé wine with flavors of strawberry, violets and caramel
What does Port Taste Like? Port is a sweet wine with flavors of raspberry, blackberry, caramel, cinnamon and chocolate sauce. Port should be served just below room temperature, around 60 °F (16 °C). Fine aged Vintage Portor 30+ year Tawny Port have an even wider array of subtle flavors including graphite, green peppercorn, hazelnut, almond, butterscotch and graham cracker.
Port wine pairs wonderfully with richly flavored cheeses (including blue cheese and washed-rind cheeses), chocolate and caramel desserts, salted and smoked nuts, and even sweet-smoky meats (barbecue ). A popular way to serve Ruby Port in the summer (with a meal) is on the rocks with a peel of lime!
Sherry comes from Andalusia, Spain
. The wines are made using Palomino, Pedro Ximénez and Moscatel grapes. Wines are produced using varying amounts of the three grapes and are purposefully oxidized so that they develop nutty aromatics.
3. Madeira 马德拉酒
Madeira is a wine produced using up to 4 different grapes on the island in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. Madeira is very unlike other wines because, in order to produce it, the wines undergo a heating and oxidation process – techniques that would traditionally ‘ruin’ a wine. The result is a rich fortified wine with walnut-like flavors, salinity and an oiliness on the palate. Because of the 4 different grapes used, Madeira range from dry to sweet making them work well alongside a meal or even as a pre-dinner drink.