Certainly many people are afraid of after meal dessert, that is one of the fatal factors to fat. But, I am sure that you cannot resist the satisfaction of taste buds from desserts. Skip the heavy dessert option with dairy and sugar but go for something that is just as appetizing and will solve your crave for something sweet.

很多人肯定对餐后甜点又爱又怕,毕竟甜品是导致肥胖的致命元凶。但是却又无法抵御餐后甜点给味蕾的那份满足感。跳过那些重奶重糖的高热甜品吧,来试一下那些一样能挑逗您味觉、又能消解您馋涎甜品念头的佳酿吧! I stopped eating dessert for one week and I lost 5 pounds without missing out on the pleasure. How? Are you familiar with dessert wine? I found this to be a great substitute of after-meal dessert.  I always thought dessert wine is to be enjoyed with a plate of dessert but having the wine by itself got me to experience the wine even more.

我有一周没吃甜品了,体重掉了5磅,却丝毫没少了味蕾之悦。您知道我是怎么办到的吗?您对餐后甜酒又有多少了解呢?我发现这种酒是餐后甜点很好地替代品。我以前一直觉得甜酒要搭配上甜品才让人心满意足,然而仅仅有酒也足够了,这样能让您更好地品出美酒的滋味。 What is dessert wine?

什么是餐后甜酒? Dessert wines, sometimes called pudding wines, are sweet wines typically served with dessert.  Dessert wines tend to be more expensive than your average glass of wine. That’s because they’re time-consuming to make and often require sophisticated vinification techniques to produce.

餐后甜酒,有时也叫布丁酒,是一种通常与餐后甜品搭配饮用的甜酒。这种酒普遍要比一般的红酒贵些。因为制作它更费时,也需要更复杂精湛的酿造工艺。 Dessert wines are meant to be enjoyed in small glasses and treasured like a glass of Scotch. There are the 5 major styles of dessert wine I would like to teach you.

餐后甜酒用小玻璃杯作为器皿,就像喝苏格兰酒一样需要细细品味。有5款主流的甜酒,我这就向您一一道来。

  • Sparkling Dessert Wine
  • Lightly Sweet Dessert Wine
  • Richly Sweet Dessert Wine
  • Sweet Red Wine
  • Fortified Wine
  • 汽泡甜酒
  • 轻甜酒
  • 高甜酒
  • 甜红酒
  • 加强型甜酒
Today's TCT  << A CLUB>> will introduce you the first 3 types of dessert wins

今天的《茶非茶》A俱乐部先向您介绍前三种。 ** Resourcing from  www. winefolly.com

1-Sparkling Dessert Wine

1-汽泡甜酒

There is a common confusion that what is the difference between “Champagne” and “Sparkling Wine”? The easy and short answer is that sparkling wine can only be called Champagne if it comes from the region of Champagne, France, which is just outside of Paris. Further, champagne can only be made using Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Pinot Meunier.

“香槟”和“汽泡甜酒”有什么区别呢?人们通常对此一头雾水。最简单明了的答案就是:只有来自香槟产区——法国巴黎以外的一块区域的汽泡酒才被称作香槟。此外香槟只能用霞多丽、黑皮诺和莫尼耶皮诺酿造。 The sensation of bubbles and high acidity in most sparkling wine makes them taste less sweet than they actually are. When looking for sweet dessert wine Champagnes and other bubbly wines, keep your eyes peeled for these words on the label:

  • Demi-Sec* (‘off-dry’ in French)
  • Amabile (‘slightly sweet’ in Italian)
  • Semi Secco* (‘off-dry’ in Italian)
  • Doux (‘sweet’ in French)
  • Dolce / Dulce (‘sweet’ in Italian / Spanish)
  • Moelleux (‘sweet’ for some French wines)
多数汽泡酒的汽泡以及它的高酸度,让它们尝起来味道没有实际来得那么甜。当您在挑选香槟甜酒和其他汽泡甜酒时,睁大眼睛看看标签上的这些字眼:
  • Demi-Sec* (法语“非干型”)
  • Amabile (意大利语“轻甜”)
  • Semi Secco* (意大利语“非干型”)
  • Doux (法语“甜”)
  • Dolce / Dulce (意大利语/西班牙语“甜”)
  • Moelleux (一些法国酒里表示“甜”)
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2-Light Sweet Dessert Wine

2-轻甜酒

Lightly sweet wines are refreshingly sweet and perfect for a hot day. Many of these sweet wines pair well with spicy foods like Indian and Southeast Asian cuisine. Light sweet wines are meant to be enjoyed at their freshest . Expect these wines to be exploding with fruit flavors and well suited for fruit-based and vanilla-driven desserts.


轻甜酒的甜味沁人心脾,炎热的天气尝起来再合适不过。很多轻甜酒是辛辣菜肴的好搭档,像印度菜和东南亚菜系。轻甜酒在新开瓶时饮用最佳。这些琼浆玉液释放出鲜果的滋味,和水果基底和香草口味的甜品配起来恰到好处。

Please remember the 6 names of Light Sweet Dessert Wines (Refer to the above picture) : Gewürztraminer, Riesling, Müller-Thurgau,Chenin Blanc, Viognier and Moscatel. 

请记住6款轻甜酒的名字(如上图): Gewürztraminer, Riesling, Müller-Thurgau,Chenin Blanc, Viognier and Moscatel. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3-Richly Sweet Dessert Wine

3-高甜酒

Richly sweet wines are made with the highest quality grapes in an unfortified style. Many of these wines can age 50+ years because sweetness and acidity preserve their fresh flavor. Some of these wines are historically important including Hungarian Tokaji (‘toe-kye’) which was loved by the Tzars of Russia; South African Constantia which was an obsession of the Dutch and English; and French Sauternes which was loved by Americans in the early 1800’s.

高甜酒由最高品质的葡萄酿制而成,酒精度未经加强。很多高甜酒可储藏50年以上,因为甜度和酸度能保证它们的新鲜口感。有一些还具有历史价值,如匈牙利的Tokaji (‘toe-kye’)特别受俄国沙皇厚爱;荷兰和英格兰人钟情于南非的;19世纪初期的美国人则独爱法国的Sauternes There are several ways to produce richly sweet dessert wines and you can understand them better by how they’re made.

制作高甜酒有几种方法,知道了这些您对甜酒了解就更进一层。

Late Harvest

Late harvest means exactly what it’s called. As grapes hang on the vine longer in the season they become even sweeter and more raisinated, resulting in a wine that has a higher residual sugar (or alcohol, depending on how long you let it ferment).


晚收 晚收正如其字面含义。倘若葡萄当季挂在藤上采摘较晚,它们的甜度就更好,葡萄味也更浓。这样酿出的酒的糖分残留也更高(或酒精度,取决于您发酵的时间)。

Noble rot Noble rot is a type of spore called Botrytis cinerea that rots fruits and vegetables. While it sounds and looks disgusting it adds a unique and highly sought-after flavor of ginger and honey in wine. There are many wines made from ‘noble rot’ grapes including:

  • Sauternes, Barsac, Cadillac and Monbazillac are French Appellations in and around Bordeaux that use Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc and Muscadelle to make a golden-hued sweet wine.
  • Tokaji is a wine from Hungary made with botrytis Furmint grapes that are rated in different levels of sugar, from 5-6 Puttonyos (with a minimum of 120 grams residual sugar; the same level as cola).
  • Auslese, Beerenauslese and Trockenbeerenauslese Riesling In the German Pradikat system (a sweetness labeling system), Auslese is the first level with a higher proportion of botrytis-affected grapes. Besides being sweeter than the lower level ‘QbA’ and ‘Kabinett’ German Rieslings, they also tend to have higher alcohol.

贵腐病 贵腐病源自一种叫做贵腐霉菌的孢子,专门腐蚀水果和蔬菜。尽管听起来和看起来都有些恶心,不过这种孢子能给红酒增添独特的广受欢迎的姜和蜂蜜味。有许多红酒都选用感染了贵腐霉菌的葡萄,包括:

  • Sauternes, Barsac, Cadillac 和 Monbazillac 这些都是Bordeaux 区域内和附近出产的,用Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc和Muscadelle调制出金黄色的法国甜酒。
  • Tokaji 源自匈牙利,用到了甜度在5-6(至少含120克残糖,和可乐的甜度相当)受Furmint孢菌病患的葡萄。
  • Auslese, Beerenauslese and Trockenbeerenauslese Riesling 根据德国Pradikat system 体系(甜度酒标体系),位列第一的Auslese含有更高程度感染孢菌的葡萄。除了比下级的‘QbA’ 和 ‘Kabinett’德国雷司令口感更甜外,通常酒精度也更高。
Straw Mat Grapes are laid out on straw mats to raisinate before being pressed into wine.
  • Italian Vin Santo is made with Trebbiano and Malvasia grapes and has rich nutty date-like flavors. There are several styles of Vin Santo made throughout Italy.
  • Italian Passito Another straw wine made with several different kinds of grapes, both white and red.
  • Greek Straw Wines Greece also produces Vinsanto which is made with high-acid white Assyrtiko grapes; Samos is a sweet wine made from Muscat grapes; and Commandaria is a sweet wine from Cyprus that dates back to 800 B.C.
  • German Strohwein/Austrian Schilfweinare increasingly rare sweet wines made from Muscat and Zweigelt grapes in Austria and Germany.
  • French Vin de Paille Most notably from the Jura region of France, which is adjacent to the alps, these Vin de Paille are produced using Chardonnay and ancient Savagnin grapes.
草垫 采摘下来的新鲜葡萄在压制成红酒前会先放在草垫上做风干处理。
  • 意大利 Vin Santo 用的是Trebbiano和Malvasia葡萄,有馥郁的干果枣子味。 意大利全境有多种Vin Santo酒。
  • 意大利 Passito 这是另一种用多种不同葡萄酿造的草垫干制酒,有红葡萄酒和白葡萄酒之分。
  • 希腊草垫干制酒 希腊也出产Vinsanto酒,有区别的是他们用的是酸度更高的白Assyrtiko葡萄;Samos是用Muscat葡萄制作的甜酒;而Commandaria则来自塞浦路斯,其历史最早可追溯到公元前800年。
  • 德国Strohwein/奥地利Schilfwein用到了奥地利和德国产区的Muscat和Zweigelt葡萄,愈发稀少珍贵。
  • 法国 Vin de Paille 以法国Jura地区的最为尊贵,该区域毗邻阿尔卑斯山,用Chardonnay 和古老的Savagnin 葡萄酿造。
Ice Wine (Eiswein) True ice wine is extremely rare and expensive for two reasons: 1) it only occurs in bizarre years when a vineyard freezes and 2) ice wine must be harvested and pressed while the grapes are still frozen (usually in the middle of the night). Ice wines are commonly produced in cold regions like Canada, Germany and Switzerland where the aforementioned prerequisites can be met. Most ice wines are made with Riesling or Vidal grapes although anything, even Cabernet Franc, can be used to produce an ice wine. You’ll find them to be honeyed and richly sweet, similar to a ‘noble rot’ wine.

冰酒 真正的冰酒非常稀贵,有如下两个原因:1)只在葡萄园受冻的特殊气象年份才有, 2)葡萄必须在果实冻住时采摘下来并压榨(一般为半夜)。 冰酒通常产自寒冷地区如加拿大、德国和瑞士,因为只有在这些地方上述条件才成熟。多数冰酒会选用Riesling 或Vidal葡萄,尽管几乎所有葡萄,甚至Cabernet Franc可以拿来制作冰酒。冰酒尝起来很像贵腐酒,如蜂蜜般清甜美味。 I’m going to be sharing more wine experience with you, please be sure to follow my postings!

我将会与您分享更多关于葡萄酒的体验,敬请关注!

Author

Angela Bi is an international citizen who has lived both in Shanghai and Vancouver Canada. She’s worked in immigration for over a decade and has experienced first hand the joys of living overseas. Angela Bi 是生活在中国上海及加拿大温哥华两地的世界公民。她从事专业移民行业已有十余载,并掌握着旅居海外的一手乐活体验。

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